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The Psychology of Perimenopause

“Studies confirm an association between depressive episodes and proximity to the last menstrual period”

Reference: Schmidt PJ, Haq NA, Rubinow DR. A longitudinal evaluation of the relationship between reproductive status and mood in perimenopausal women. Am J Psychiatry 2004; 161(12): 2238-2244.

“Early, safe and effective treatment of perimenopause among women may actually be a means of enhancing reproductive health as they age.”

Reference: Harlow BL, Wise LA, Otto MW, Soares CN, Cohen LS. Depression and its influence on reproductive endocrine and menstrual cycle markers associated with perimenopause: the Harvard Study of Moods and Cycles. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2003;60:29-36.

“Woman’s Anger Study: Women (25 – 66 years) experience anger for longer, are more resentful and less likely to express their anger, compared with men. Women often use indirect aggression by "writing off" a higher number of people - intending to never speak to them again because of their anger.”

Reference: DiGiuseppe, R., & Tafrate, R.C. (in press). The anger disorder ScalManual. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.

“Women (45 – 65 years) with suppressed hostility, having a non-supportive boss, and decreased job mobility are at higher risk of coronary heart disease (CHD).”

Reference: S G Haynes and M Feinleib.  Women, work and coronary heart disease: prospective findings from the Framingham heart study. American Journal of Public Health February 1980: Vol. 70, No. 2, pp. 133-141

“Risk of death in middle-age increases with frequent arguments with partners, friends or relatives”, say Danish researchers”

Reference: John C. Barefoot, Svend Larsen, Lars von der Lieth,  Marianne Schroll. Hostility, Incidence of Acute Myocardial Infarction, and Mortality in a Sample of Older Danish Men and Women. American Journal of Epidemiology. Vol 132 (5), 477-484.

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